Spiffygirl, Primary school stage is the strongest period of children's creativity. This period of primary school students not only lively, love to listen to love, and good at oral imitation. Their physical and mental characteristics determine the primary school stage is the development of children close to foreign language native language and voice of the best period. Many primary schools also have English courses, but there are always some shortcomings and deficiencies in practice teaching. Such as the simple mechanization of follow-up, stylized practice, or re-music, too much emphasis on the form of activities interesting, while ignoring the students of intellectual and non-intellectual factors, and so on. Students in the teaching process has become a poor response to insects or parrot parrot. In an occasional opportunity, I met Professor Liao Zhengfeng, contacted his active thinking training method, (active thinking training method is Professor Liao Zhengfeng to strengthen the creation of personality and creative thinking of the double gifted development of a teaching and training methods.) And Of the experiment in the classroom, practice shows that active thinking training method is a good way to inspire students thinking a good way.
The purpose of active thinking training is to raise the students' self - consciousness through the teaching and examination - oriented education. The purpose is to cultivate the students' independent personality and develop the students' creative thinking through the practice of knowledge. Specifically, the so-called active thinking training method of experimental operation definition, refers to the school classroom teaching process, carry forward the teaching and learning, highlight the main role of students, adhere to cultivate the creation of personality (independent personality) as the core, promote creative thinking development, To achieve the students self-study, self-evaluation and self-control, to achieve in the practice of knowledge to enhance self-awareness, strengthen the tongue function to create personality and create thinking double gifted development of a teaching and training methods. (Liao Zhengfeng "student creativity training research")
First, create a relaxed, pleasant psychological atmosphere, to stimulate the creation of thinking;
Primary school English is introductory teaching, organization of classroom teaching, we should pay attention to the combination of children to move, love to say, love to sing, good at imitation and other characteristics, through rap, game, so that students take the initiative, bold and happy to participate in teaching activities. Teachers in speech, expression, attitude and other aspects should show respect for the students, care, appreciation, affirmation and encouragement, to create a good language environment, reduce the psychological stress of learning, so that they have a sense of accomplishment to help them establish Learning confidence, the establishment of a harmonious, democratic, cooperative teacher-student relationship. Teachers should keep up with the trend of the times, constantly charging in a timely manner, and strive to grasp the knowledge required by the times. Understand the child's preferences, with the children have a common language, remove the generation gap. So in the classroom teaching process or in the extracurricular, I always try to create such a friendly atmosphere, and according to the language point of design some children like the game. For example, in the second edition of the English version of the book, there is a knowledge point is: Is this your ...? (This is your ...?), The general teaching may be used to replace the card to practice the game. Here, I follow the active thinking training method to design a game to guess the object of the game. Please part of the students to see the card to use their own imagination to make the action, and then ask the other part of the students to see the action, analysis, judgment and answer. In the process of guessing, a student once guessed, next to the classmate will embrace like the same hug him, the students are excited. At this time the teacher if the board face, ask the students quiet, can not loud noise, keep the classroom quiet and so on regulations, classroom atmosphere will immediately cool down, resulting in timid students will not speak their hands. And I have long been here without the teachers of the usual majesty, like their partners, as the right people shouting shouting, for a little backward team to cheer, with their joy and sorrow, into this one group. See the teachers so generous, invisible among them, students do not have to worry about reprimand, accusations, scolded, psychological, physical are safe and free, happy to carry out language games, loudly in English to say their minds , One by one holding high, for fear of not their own turn. In such an atmosphere, the students feel is a free and safe space, where everyone can get the affirmation and encouragement, the students' imagination, creativity, observation, analysis and analysis and judgment have been a comprehensive training and play The
Second, highlight the main student, guide the creation of thinking;
The great educator Sukhomlinski said: "Students come to school, not only to get a knowledge of the luggage, more importantly, to become more intelligent." But in our class, we always Is to see our children sitting in a regular manner, listening, answering, the teacher is where the passionate singing singles, but also often hear the teacher's mantra: "right? Is not it?" This class is not only submerged The content of the scientific content of the material, interesting, but also denied the enthusiasm and initiative of the students. Active thinking training method, which advocates students as the main body of learning, recognition of students lurking with a great known from the unknown into the unknown motive force, do everything possible to encourage and train students to actively explore the spirit, take the initiative to explore the ability to develop a bold exploration habits The (Liao Zhengfeng "student creativity training research") teaching, I pay attention to multi-angle, multi-directional design of various games, competitions, problems, the development of students horizontal, analog association thinking, so that students not only stay in understanding and master Content, but also the use of their own knowledge, combined with English to create, to explore, cultivate creative thinking, enhance innovation.
In the third session of the third volume of the third edition of the English version of the teaching, just the Sydney Olympic Games is held in full swing, our school TV, computer before the get out of class is full of students. To seize this hot spot, according to the language of the material (What's his / her / the boy's / the girl's name? He / her / this boy / this girl called the name?), Set the problem, the small classroom into a big life stage. When the students see me from the Internet to download a picture of their idol - the Olympic champion pictures, the whole classroom are boiling, and each student active, eager to use the new language, in the past a unit needs 6 classes, where I only used a lesson to solve the new language point, and did not spend a minute, a effort, even my own hard to imagine. Students' self-study enthusiasm filled the extreme. Originally, I designed the problem is simply a simple picture to see the name, but the students have not satisfied with the last of this. They have to ask me to coach, shooting, diving, gold medals, badminton, etc. English words, and then give the riddle to ask the students to guess, even in the corner of the students who refused to speak in the corner has become courageous. The middle of the students met the language point of error, next to the students will be impatient to make corrections. Ordinary question of a person name class, blink of an eye became the Olympic line actually guess the venue. If this lesson there are some shortcomings, that is, my teacher is often asked by some students questioned dumbfounded, often by some of the outstanding performance of students surprised. In this class, every student has become a glittering gold, and I think I was a burst of dust blowing their body to the wind.
Students who have a rich independent initiative to explore the spirit, and teachers need to do is to use the appropriate personality and creative thinking of teaching methods, once opened the door of the Alibaba, students will be eager to take the initiative to take the knowledge, rather than Teachers to catch a small sheep like coercion.
Third, positive evaluation, encourage creative thinking;
Students are emotionally, the students' emotions directly affect their interest in learning and learning, only positive and positive emotions can make the students' subjectivity and creativity develop, and the students' thinking can be more active. In teaching, students tend to produce some teachers did not expect, caught by surprise or even tricky, very bizarre ideas and problems, then teachers if the face of love as a prerequisite, under the anger, they will deal with heresy, one Sticks to death, or to be severely criticized, accusing or even scolding meal, then the students all the hazy, fragmented, fragmentation of the ideological bubble will be shattered. Students only in a positive and harmonious relationship between the relaxed environment, in order to stimulate the active internal activities. This requires teachers to study the behavior of students and learning outcomes, reactions and so make a positive evaluation, to encourage students to create thinking.
In the usual teaching process, the evaluation will vary according to people. For excellent students, usually the teacher is certainly a favor, so give them the evaluation of teachers should give higher requirements, so that they think I was the best at the same time, but also to see the day outside, to create a healthy environment for a healthy. For poor students, teachers should give the same attention and enthusiasm, and even some exaggeration of praise, so that they feel that every day is progress, I can keep up with the pace of everyone, step by step to eliminate the sense of inferiority. For teachers who often overlook the middle school, this is a special group, get praise and criticism is always moderate, get the attention is always the least, the teacher's evaluation will let them think I can become the best, But I have not yet played my potential. In a classroom instruction, I designed a scenic question to ask for a question about the language. One of the students questioned: Where is the Great Wall? (Where is the Great Wall?) I habitually answer: In Beijing. (In Beijing) students immediately point out: You're wrong. It's not only in Beijing. (You are wrong, Not entirely in Beijing.) This is a very clever love of mischief students, he was in the design of this problem, had already thought of people's usual answer, and do a circle. At that time I saw his arrogance momentum, my heart a little fire, but turn to the thought that the students have been able to set the problem in English to me, and I once again happy. Turned his affirmation and praised him. The student is very happy, that the teacher gave a stumped back. Happy, come up with their own collection of the Great Wall postcards, let me put in the physical projector we share. After the students were driven, the students in the class began to open the drawer to find the picture to see the globe, trying to solve the problem in the next question, I stand on the podium, feel a burst of tension, but to see them that a positive exploration Kind, and my heart was also pleased, there is a wily feeling unexpectedly take up, huh, huh, in fact, you are my calculations do not know. That English class, we travel around the world free of charge around the circle, and the student's English name has also been changed to Great Wall (Great Wall).
Teachers of the casually out of the encouragement to bring such a response, we can see the teacher's positive affirmative evaluation of the students have much impact. Lu Qin because of the year's mother's praise, fell in love with the painting, became now the country's well-known sister. So give the child some positive eyes, encourage the smile, let the children in the case of positive bold creation.
The use of active thinking training method has been applied to the primary school class has a school year, in which the flexibility of thinking to enhance the flexibility of the class knowledge and English combination of the use of purely done in English as a language to use, and not only Only in a discipline to learn; students in the classroom dare to speak speak English, in the extracurricular can also be active in English conversation, in English to express their views; classroom interesting, students self-learning, self-assessment ability and Creative thinking has been a very good training and play.